Chris Devers/Flickr

الدولة الخلاقة

لندن- ان النظرة التقليدية في الاقتصاد بشكل عام اليوم ان الحكومات لديها امكانيات قليله من اجل اطلاق الابتكار وطبقا لتلك النظرة فإن الدولة يجب ان تلعب اقل دور ممكن في الاقتصاد وان تتدخل فقط في حالات "فشل السوق" وهذا الكلام بعيد جدا عن الحقيقة .

في واقع الامر فإن الحكومات تلعب دورا حيويا في تحفيز الابتكار حيث تنشط في خلق اسواق جديده بدلا من اصلاحها فقط وللحقيقة فإن مناصري الدور الاقتصادي المحدود للحكومة يعتقدون ان فشل السوق يبرر بعض التمويل للبنية التحتيه والعلوم الاساسية ولكن من الصعب ان يفسر مثل هذا التدخل المحدود مليارات الدولارت من الاموال العامة والتي تتدفق على الابحاث التطبيقية وحتى انها تستخدم في التمويل الاولي للشركات وفي واقع الامر فإن الدولة لعبت دورا رياديا فيما يتعلق بالمشاريع في بعض مراكز الابتكار المشهورة حول العالم حيث قامت الدولة بطرح تصورات مستقبلية وتمويل خلق مجالات جديده كاملة بما في ذلك تقنية المعلومات والتقنية البيولوجيه وتقنية النانو والتقنية الخضراء.

في وادي السيلكون على سبيل المثال تصرفت الحكومة كمستثمر استراتيجي من خلال شبكة لامركزية من المؤسسات العامة : وكالة مشاريع الابحاث المتقدمة الدفاعيه ،ناسا ، برنامج ابحاث الابتكار للشركات الصغيرة ومؤسسة العلوم الوطنيه.

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