Bernie Madoff Bryan Smith/ZumaPress

Мошенничество, дураки и финансовые рынки

НЬЮ-ХЕЙВЕН – Адам Смит отлично писал о “невидимой руке”, с помощью которой некоторые лица преследуя собственные интересы на свободных, конкурирующих рынках, продвигают интересы общества в целом. И Смит был прав: Свободные рынки породили беспрецедентное процветание как отдельных лиц  так и обществ. Но, так как нами можно манипулировать или обмануть, или даже просто соблазнить, свободные рынки также убеждают нас покупать вещи, в которых не нуждаемся ни мы, ни общество.

Это наблюдение представляет собой важное дополнение к мнению Смита. И это является одним из тех, что Джордж Акерлоф и я исследовали в нашей новой книге:Охота на дурака: Экономика манипулирования и обмана.

Большинство из нас пострадали от “фишинга”: нежелательных писем и телефонных звонков, цель которых нас обмануть. А “Дурак”, это кто-либо, кто не осознает в полной мере  вездесущность фишинга.  “Дурак” видит отдельные примеры фишинга, но не понимает степень профессионализма направленного на него, ни, насколько глубоко этот профессионализм влияет на жизни. К сожалению, многие из нас были дураками - в том числе Акерлоф и я, и это причина, почему мы написали эту книгу.

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