construction site Harm Rhebergen/Flickr

好治理陷阱

罗马—发展和治理改善总是一起出现。但是,与流行的观念相反,没有证据表明实施治理改革能导致更快、更包容的经济和社会发展。事实上,情况可能恰恰相反。

聚焦于好治理源于20世纪80年代发展中国家债务危机期间重塑持续增长的努力。国际发展机构没有反思主流经济政策方针,而是对准了容易的目标:发展中国家政府。向这些政府建议如何做成了这些机构的新工作,于是很快产生了关于治理改革的“技术”方针。

世界银行使用100多个指标建立了一套综合性的好治理指数,其基础包括话语权和可问责性、政治稳定和不存在暴力、政府效率、监管质量、法治、腐败水平等。世界银行指出,其治理指标和经济表现之间存在强相关性,这让人们觉得经济进步的钥匙已经找到。

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