Zaostřeno na psy

GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA – V lidských obydlích ve Spojených státech žije asi 70 milionů psů. To je o 10 milionů více než dětí do 15 let. V jiných západních státech je situace podobná. Zhruba 40% domácích psů smí spát v posteli svých majitelů.

Jak psi dosáhli tak důvěrného postavení v našich životech? Podle jedné teorie se během tisíců let, kdy žijí s lidmi, naladili na způsob lidského myšlení. Bezpochyby jsou pozoruhodně citliví vůči lidskému chování.

Psi dokážou sledovat lidská ukazovací gesta, aby nacházeli skrytou potravu, a pomocí vlastních ukazovacích akcí jsou schopni úspěšně naznačovat pánům, kde se nachází ukrytá hračka. Za jistých okolností psi chápou, že lidé, kteří je nevidí (protože jsou například slepí), budou na prosbu reagovat pamlskem s menší pravděpodobností než lidé bez zrakového postižení. Psi také s vyšší pravděpodobností splní povel, aby nechali něco žádoucího na pokoji, pokud je jejich pán v místnosti, než když z místnosti odejde.

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