Moralidad sin Dios

¿Es necesaria la religión para la moralidad? Muchas personas consideran escandaloso, blasfemo incluso, negar el origen divino de la moralidad. O bien un ser divino creó nuestro sentido moral o bien lo adquirimos a partir de las enseñanzas de la religión organizada. En cualquiera de los dos casos, necesitamos la religión para poner coto a los vicios de la naturaleza. Parafraseando a Katherine Hepburn en la película La reina de África, la religión nos permite elevarnos por encima de la perversa madre naturaleza, al brindarnos una moral.

Sin embargo, abundan los problemas que se le plantean a la opinión de que la moralidad procede de Dios. Uno es el de que no podemos decir simultáneamente, sin caer en la tautología, que Dios es bueno y que nos dio la capacidad para discernir entre el bien y el mal, pues en ese caso lo único que decimos es que Dios cumple sus normas.

Un segundo problema es el de que no hay principios morales que compartan todas las personas religiosas, independientemente de sus creencias concretas, pero no los agnósticos y los ateos. De hecho, los ateos y los agnósticos no actúan menos moralmente que los creyentes religiosos, aun cuando sus actos virtuosos se basen en principios diferentes. Con frecuencia los no creyentes tienen un discernimiento tan intenso y correcto del bien y del mal como cualquiera y han laborado en pro de la abolición de la esclavitud y han contribuido a otros esfuerzos para aliviar el sufrimiento humano.

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