Mad scientist.

转基因生物和垃圾科学

斯坦福—在今天的媒体上,子虚乌有的观点、天花乱坠的宣传和流言层出不穷,科学方法——我们根据实证和可测的证据确定什么是真的手段——应该成为现实性的试金石。科学让我们能够评估我们认为我们知道的,认识我们所不知道的。最重要的是,科学质疑出于个人和政治原因而提出的错误主张——至少应该如此。

科学家偶尔也会“流氓化”,放弃科学方法——常常引来臭名或为了追求经济利益——炮制宣传,在缺少专业知识又渴望知情的公众中间散播恐慌。这一对科学权威性的滥用在“有机”和“自然”食品行业尤其普遍,这些行业利用人们对合成或“非自然”产品的恐慌心理。

最近的例子是印度裔美国科学家阿亚杜拉伊(V.A. Shiva Ayyadurai),他和德奥尼卡尔(Prabhakar Deonikar)发表了一篇非常可笑的文章《转基因生物会积累甲醛、干扰分子系统均衡吗?系统生物学可以提供答案》。(“转基因生物”本身就是一个误导性的、常常受到莫名指责的非分类(non-category),包括各种用最现代、最精确的遗传工程技术改良的生物。)

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/wQ9AUd4/zh;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.