Mad scientist.

转基因生物和垃圾科学

斯坦福—在今天的媒体上,子虚乌有的观点、天花乱坠的宣传和流言层出不穷,科学方法——我们根据实证和可测的证据确定什么是真的手段——应该成为现实性的试金石。科学让我们能够评估我们认为我们知道的,认识我们所不知道的。最重要的是,科学质疑出于个人和政治原因而提出的错误主张——至少应该如此。

科学家偶尔也会“流氓化”,放弃科学方法——常常引来臭名或为了追求经济利益——炮制宣传,在缺少专业知识又渴望知情的公众中间散播恐慌。这一对科学权威性的滥用在“有机”和“自然”食品行业尤其普遍,这些行业利用人们对合成或“非自然”产品的恐慌心理。

最近的例子是印度裔美国科学家阿亚杜拉伊(V.A. Shiva Ayyadurai),他和德奥尼卡尔(Prabhakar Deonikar)发表了一篇非常可笑的文章《转基因生物会积累甲醛、干扰分子系统均衡吗?系统生物学可以提供答案》。(“转基因生物”本身就是一个误导性的、常常受到莫名指责的非分类(non-category),包括各种用最现代、最精确的遗传工程技术改良的生物。)

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