Flags at Glastonbury Shirlaine Forrest/Getty Images

Мировой порядок 2.0

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Почти четыре века, с тех пор как в 1648 году Тридцатилетняя война в Европе завершилась Вестфальским миром, в основе международного порядка лежит концепция суверенитета – право стран на независимое существование и автономию. И для этого есть причина: век за веком, в том числе и в нынешнем столетии, мы видим, что мир, где границы нарушаются силой, является миром нестабильности и конфликтов.

Однако в глобализованном мире глобальная операционная система, основанная исключительно на принципе уважение суверенитета (назовём её «Мировой порядок 1.0»), становится всё более неадекватной. Сейчас мало что стоит на месте. Почти все и всё, начиная с туристов, террористов и беженцев и заканчивая электронной почтой, болезнями, долларами и парниковыми газами, может попасть практически в любую точку планеты. В результате, происходящее внутри одной страны перестаёт быть интересом одной только этой страны. Сегодняшние реалии требуют обновлённой операционной системы «Мировой порядок 2.0», основанной на идее «суверенных обязательств»: суверенные государства должны иметь не только права, но и обязательства перед другими странами.

Новый международный порядок потребует широкого набора норм и договорённостей, начиная с согласования основ государственности. Существующие правительства будут соглашаться рассматривать просьбы о создании новых государств только в тех случаях, когда для этого имеются исторические основания, неоспоримые аргументы, народная поддержка, и когда предлагаемое новое государственное образование выглядит жизнеспособным.

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