Flags at Glastonbury Shirlaine Forrest/Getty Images

世界秩序2.0

纽约——近四个世纪以来,自从1648年的威斯特伐利亚和平结束了长达三十年的欧洲战争,主权的概念——即国家享有独立存在和自治权的概念——已经构成了国际秩序的核心。而且形成这种局面的理由非常充分:我们在一个又一个的世纪,包括当前这个世纪中亲眼目睹了国家遭受武力侵犯的世界充满了冲突和不稳定。

但在一个全球化的世界里,完全以尊重主权为前提的全球运作体系——我们称之为世界秩序1.0——已经越来越无法让民众满足。很少有问题能在当地解决。几乎任何人和任何事,从游客、恐怖分子、难民到电子邮件、传染病,美元和温室气体,都可以到达世界各个角落。结果是一个国家内部发生的事务不再仅限于该国自身需要关注的问题。今天的现实需要基于“主权义务”升级运行系统——世界秩序2.0,这种理念强调主权国家不仅享有权利,而且还要对其他国家承担义务。

新的国际秩序还需要拓展一系列规范和安排,而上述规范必须从协商一致的国家地位开始。现有政府只有在历史理由充分、证据确凿且拥有民众广泛支持的情况下才能同意考虑建国要求,而且拟议中的新实体必须具有可行性。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/9b4ouI9/zh;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.