Matt Wuerker

Gobierno y globalización

NEW YORK – Vivimos en una época en la que las fuerzas más importantes que afectan a todas las economías son globales, no locales. Lo que sucede "en el extranjero"; por ejemplo, en China, India y otros lugares, afecta poderosamente inclusive a una economía tan grande como la de Estados Unidos.

La globalización económica ha producido, por supuesto, algunos grandes beneficios para el mundo, incluyendo la expansión rápida de tecnologías avanzadas, tales como Internet y telefonía móvil. También ha reducido drásticamente la pobreza en muchas economías emergentes; de hecho, por esta sola razón, la economía mundial necesita mantenerse abierta e interconectada.

Sin embargo, la globalización también ha creado problemas serios que necesitan ser abordados. En primer lugar, ha aumentado el ámbito de la evasión fiscal, debido a la rápida proliferación de los paraísos fiscales en todo el mundo. Las empresas multinacionales tienen muchas más oportunidades que antes para esquivar su porción justa y eficiente de impuestos.

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