Убийца глобализации

Первая мировая волна экономической глобализации, во главе которой в 19-ом веке стояла Британская империя, завершилась воскресным днем 1914 года, когда Гаврило Принцип убил (двумя сверхъестественно меткими выстрелами) эрцгерцога Австрии Франца Фердинанда и его супругу. За этим последовали годы кровавой бойни в Европе, нестабильность в течение всех 1920-х годов, подъем фашизма и коммунизма, и, наконец, гибель миллионов людей во время Второй Мировой Войны.

Подходит ли сегодняшняя эпоха глобализации к концу? Если и так, она может закончиться не повторением бойни прошлого века, а снижением экономической активности, что приведет к экономическому застою и обречет миллиарды людей на мучительную нищету.

На роль убийцы глобализации выставлялось множество кандидатур. Однако все это время к мировой экономике незаметно подкрадывался мало кем замеченный, однако вероятный претендент: растущая тенденция ограничить свободное передвижение людей, «огородить» богатые страны мира. Угроза этой тенденции сегодня постоянно находится у нас перед глазами, но мы воспринимаем ее с такой легкостью, что вполне можем привыкнут к ней вместо того, чтобы постараться остановить ее.

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