Atentátník globalizace

První vlna ekonomické globalizace ve světě, v jejímž čele stálo v devatenáctém století britské impérium, skončila doslova třeskutě jednoho nedělního odpoledne v roce 1914, kdy Gavrilo Princip zavraždil (dvěma až záhadně dobře mířenými kulkami) rakouského arcivévodu Františka Ferdinanda s manželkou. Následující roky byly poznamenány všeevropským masakrem, nestabilitou po celá 20. léta a vzestupem fašismu a komunismu, který vyvrcholil smrtí bezpočtu milionů lidí během druhé světové války.

Chýlí se ke konci také dnešní globalizační éra? Pokud ano, pak nemusí nutně skončit opakováním masakrů z minulého století, nýbrž ekonomickým okleštěním, které způsobí hospodářskou stagnaci a odsoudí miliardy lidí k trýznivé chudobě.

Do role atentátníka globalizace byli navrhováni nejrůznější kandidáti. Do světové ekonomiky se ovšem vkrádá jeden málo viditelný, a přesto pravděpodobný uchazeč: sílící tendence omezit volnou cirkulaci lidí, „oplotit“ bohatý svět. V současnosti vidíme hrozbu této tendence neustále, avšak vnímáme ji jako natolik zdánlivě neškodnou, že si na ni docela dobře můžeme spíše přivyknout, než abychom ji zastavovali.

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