Глобализация на марше

ЛОНДОН. На последнем совещании в «Financial Times» о перспективах глобализации в 2011 году обозреватель Гидеон Рахман отметил, что «когда недавно Барак Обама находился с визитом в Индии, президент США предупредил принимающую сторону, что на Западе возобновилась дискуссия о глобализации» и что «в странах с развитой экономикой... формируется ... и растет неблагоприятная реакция».

Но паникерство Рахман неуместно. Страх перед глобализацией на Западе не нов. Объединения интеллигенции и группы, такие как профсоюзы и экологические организации в странах с развитой экономикой, выразили свои антиглобалистические страхи и настроения, по крайней мере, еще четверть века назад.

Тем не менее, исторически страх перед глобализацией берет свое начало с Востока, а не Запада. После второй мировой войны Запад снял барьеры на пути торговых и инвестиционных потоков, а также начал работу по ликвидации валютного контроля и переходу к конвертируемости валют. То, что иногда называли либеральным международным экономическим порядком, было на повестке дня и также поддерживалось общественным мнением.

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