pollution in China Peter Parks/Getty Images

Bericht uit de frontlinie van de klimaatverandering

MANILLA/SAN JOSÉ – Op 22 april ondertekenden hoogwaardigheidsbekleders namens niet minder dan 175 partijen het mondiale klimaatverdrag dat in december in Parijs werd gesloten; een record is voor een internationaal akkoord. Dit blijk van steun is bemoedigend. En het geeft hoop dat het momentum dat heeft geleid tot de overeenkomst in december nog onverminderd is.

Maar het bereiken van een overeenkomst in Parijs was nog maar de eerste stap op een lange weg naar het beschermen van het mondiale klimaat en van ‘s werelds meest kwetsbare landen.  De ondertekeningsceremonie was de tweede. Nu volgt het ratificatieproces; 55 landen, die samen minstens 55% van de mondiale uitstoot vertegenwoordigen, zullen de overeenkomst moeten ratificeren om deze in werking te kunnen stellen.

Het goede nieuws is dat dit proces al begonnen is. In februari werd Fiji het eerste land om het verdrag te ratificeren, gevolgd door drie andere kleine eilandstaten. Alle vier zijn lid van het Climate Vulnerable Forum, een groep van 43 landen – waaronder Costa Rica en de Filipijnen, die wij representeren – die in de frontlinie van de klimaatverandering staan. De leden van dit forum hebben onvermoeibaar voor een akkoord in Parijs gevochten, en we zullen alles binnen onze macht doen om de doorvoering ervan te versnellen.

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