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Un plan Marshall para el mundo

ROMA – El esfuerzo internacional para impulsar la cooperación global para el desarrollo no se detiene, pero los últimos años encontró grandes obstáculos. Felizmente, los líderes mundiales tienen una oportunidad de superarlos, ahora que se avecinan importantes reuniones internacionales programadas en la segunda mitad de 2015.

No sería la primera vez que se logre algo parecido. A inicios de este siglo, las negociaciones internacionales sobre desarrollo económico también habían llegado a un atasco. La reunión ministerial de la Organización Mundial del Comercio en Seattle había concluido sin decisiones, y tras las dos décadas del Consenso de Washington, los países en desarrollo estaban disconformes con las instituciones financieras internacionales lideradas por Estados Unidos. Las negociaciones para la primera Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre Financiación para el Desarrollo en Monterrey, México, parecían no tener rumbo.

Pero el 11 de septiembre de 2001, Estados Unidos fue blanco de graves ataques terroristas, y de algún modo ese acontecimiento trágico obró como un catalizador. Los líderes mundiales acordaron iniciar la Ronda de Desarrollo de Doha, para asegurar que las negociaciones sobre comercio sirvieran a las aspiraciones de desarrollo de los países rezagados. Y la conferencia de 2002 en Monterrey se saldó con enormes avances en temas de inversión nacional e internacional, deuda externa, cooperación internacional, comercio y gobernanza sistémica.

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