construction site World Bank photo/Flickr

Глобальный план Маршалла

РИМ – Несмотря на предпринимаемые усилия катализировать глобальное сотрудничество в целях развития, в последние годы произошли значительные препятствия для прогресса. К счастью, так как на вторую половину 2015 года назначены крупные международные встречи, мировым лидерам предоставляется важная возможность преодолеть эти проблемы.

Такой поворот уже случался раньше. На рубеже ХХ-ХХI веков, международные переговоры об экономическом развитии тоже пришли к полной остановке. Встреча министров стран-членов Всемирной Торговой Организации в Сиэтле закончилась без решения, и после двух десятилетий Вашингтонского консенсуса, развивающиеся страны были разочарованы в международных финансовых институтах под руководством США. Казалось, что переговоры о первой конференции ООН по финансированию развития, которая должна была быть в городе Монтеррей (Мексика) не вели никуда.

Затем, 11 сентября 2001 года, в США произошли крупные теракты - трагическое развитие, которое как то сумело катализировать прогресс. Мировые лидеры договорились начать Дохийский раунд, для обеспечения того, чтобы торговые переговоры служили стремлениям к развитию в развивающихся странах. Конференция 2002 года по финансированию развития в Монтеррей также произвела серьезные прорывы в иностранных и отечественных инвестициях, внешней задолженности, международной кооперации, торговле, а также вопросах системного управления.

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