tuberculosis patients men bus masks AusAID/Flickr

Las inversiones correctas en salud

COPENHAGE – La epidemia de ébola en África Oriental ha dominado los titulares durante gran parte del último año. Pero, sin importar cuán devastador haya sido ese brote, sus 20 000 víctimas mortales se ven empequeñecidas por las de enfermedades evitables, como el SIDA, la tuberculosis y la malaria, conjuntamente responsables de más de 3 millones de muertes en 2013 y que afectan más duramente a los más desposeídos. Esto no debiera ser así, de hecho, ocuparnos de estas enfermedades sería una inversión extraordinaria.

Lo cierto es que carecemos de los recursos –tanto humanos como de capital– para solucionar todos los problemas que enfrenta el mundo, por lo que debemos centrarnos en aquellas áreas en las que podemos lograr mejores resultados. Eso es lo que están procurando 193 gobiernos nacionales al crear un conjunto de objetivos de desarrollo para 2030. Para ayudar a guiar esos esfuerzos, el grupo de expertos que dirijo, el Copenhagen Consensus Center, ha solicitado a 60 equipos de economistas de primera línea que evalúen algunos de los principales objetivos y preparen una justificación económica para elegir aquellos que formarán parte de la lista final.

La salud es uno de los grandes temas, por lo que estuvo en manos de seis grupos de expertos y recibió ocho comentarios, que conjuntamente cubren mucho terreno analítico. Pero un objetivo se destacó especialmente por su rentabilidad: ocuparse de las enfermedades mortales evitables.

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