Obama State visit Jim Watson/Getty Images

¿Hay lugar para la gobernanza global?

WASHINGTON, DC – ¿Será la gobernanza global la solución a la mayoría de nuestros problemas económicos? ¿O será una promesa exagerada que distrae la atención de reformas más prácticas, que deberían implementar los gobiernos nacionales? En un artículo reciente, el economista Dani Rodrik, de la Universidad de Harvard, sostiene lo segundo, con buenos argumentos. ¿Está en lo correcto?

Es verdad que la política nacional tiene efecto más directo (bueno o malo) sobre los ciudadanos de cada país. Pero no podemos ignorar los efectos globales de las malas políticas nacionales, cuyos ejemplos más obvios señalados por Rodrik son las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero y las enfermedades infecciosas: el costo no es sólo para las personas del “país de origen”, sino que también lo pagamos todos los demás.

Hace décadas que la palabra “globalización” está de moda, y es evidente que estos últimos años algunos (especialmente en la centroizquierda) exageraron la necesidad de una gobernanza global. Esto llevó a otros a promover la búsqueda de alternativas, por ejemplo el “nacionalismo responsable” o la toma de decisiones “intergubernamental” (en vez de supranacional) en la Unión Europea.

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