WEF Fabrice Coffrini/Getty Images

Nestabilní ekonomický řád?

LAGUNA BEACH – Odklon rozvinutých ekonomik od ekonomiky globální – a v případě Velké Británie i od regionálních obchodních dohod – poutá v poslední době velkou pozornost. V situaci, kdy se základní struktury globální ekonomiky ocitají pod tlakem, by to mohlo mít dalekosáhlé důsledky.

Drtivá většina světových ekonomik je – ať už z vlastního rozhodnutí, nebo z nutnosti – součástí multilaterálního systému, který poskytuje jejich protějškům v rozvinutém světě, zejména Spojeným státům a Evropě, obrovská privilegia. Z nich jsou nejvýraznější tři.

Za prvé emitují rozvinuté ekonomiky hlavní světové rezervní měny, a proto mají možnost vyměňovat vlastní potištěné kousky papíru za zboží a služby produkované jinými. Za druhé jsou dluhopisy těchto ekonomik pro většinu globálních investorů kvaziautomatickou složkou portfoliových alokací, takže rozpočtové schodky jejich vlád se zčásti financují z úspor jiných zemí.

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