Общественное здоровье поставленное на карту

СИЭТЛ – Двадцать пять лет назад, состояние общественного здравоохранения для широких слоев населения было похоже на врача, пытающегося лечить пациента без правильного диагноза. Болезни и травмы, сокращающие жизнь и взывающие массовые страдания не были строго отслежены.

Тогда, сторонники различных заболеваний, действующие из лучших побуждений, опубликовали список жертв, который помог им создать основу для финансирования и привлечения внимания. Но когда были получены все факты, общее число оказалось во много раз выше, чем количество людей, реально умерших в данном году. И даже когда политики получили точные данные они, как правило, включали в себя только причины смерти, а не болезни, поражающие живущих.

Чтобы решить эту проблему, Алан Лопес и я в 1990 году запустили проект Глобальное Бремя Болезней (Global Burden of Disease – ГББ).  Лицам, принимающим решения, необходима информация о крупнейших мировых угрозах здоровью и то, как они со временем меняются, по возрастным группам и по половой принадлежности, таким образом, они могут гарантировать, что каждый человек имеет возможность прожить более длинную и по возможности более здоровую жизнь.

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