Elevar la sostenibilidad de las inversiones hídricas

NUEVA YORK – Desde que la ONU adoptara en 2000 los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM), la comunidad mundial ha prestado gran atención a hacer posible el acceso a los servicios básicos de aguas y saneamiento, y con razón. Entre 1990 y 2010, más de dos mil millones de personas obtuvieron acceso a mejores fuentes de agua. En momentos que la ONU se prepara para adoptar los llamados Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS), como sucesores tras 2015 de los ODM, debería adquirir mucho más protagonismo el importante tema de la infraestructura hídrica a gran escala.

Normalmente se piensa que para mejorar el acceso al agua es necesario cavar pozos, tomar decisiones a nivel comunitario y centrar los programas de ayuda en llegar a más gente. Pero estas medidas importantes son solamente parte de una estrategia mucho mayor y para la que es necesario invertir mucho más.

De acuerdo con un informe reciente realizado por la UNICEF y la Organización Mundial de la Salud sobre su programa conjunto de monitoreo de los servicios de aguas y saneamiento, más de 1,2 mil millones de las personas que habían obtenido acceso entre 1990 y 2008 lo habían hecho conectando tuberías a una de sus instalaciones. Esta cifra empequeñece el impacto de las fuentes de “pequeña escala” (desde cavar pozos a recoger agua de lluvia) que muchos creen han sido las más importantes para solucionar el problema.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/J1sGicP/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now