Контроль малярии: ближе к практике

Многие программы международной помощи оканчиваются неудачей, поскольку плохо спланированы и/или чересчур сложны. В результате бедные не получают необходимую им помощь, а налогоплательщики в богатых странах теряют веру в то, что средства, выделенные ими на помощь, расходуются по назначению.

Возьмем, к примеру, контроль малярии. Если бы богатые страны приняли более простую и более практичную стратегию помощи Африке в борьбе с малярией, они могли бы спасти миллионы африканцев и в то же время получить восторженную поддержку от собственных граждан.

Малярия – смертельно опасное заболевание, передающееся определенным видом комаров. Для ее развития требуется тепло, и поэтому малярия – в основном тропическая болезнь. Африке особенно не повезло, поскольку там и климат жаркий, и обитают комары-разносчики этого заболевания. В результате на долю Африки приходится 90% всех смертей от малярии в мире – в частности, там от нее умирает примерно два миллиона детей в год.

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