Berlin NYE 2017 Anadolu Agency

Alemania en la era de Trump

BERLÍN – Donald Trump hoy es el presidente número 45 de Estados Unidos y, en su discurso de asunción, dejó en claro al establishment norteamericano allí reunido que su administración no pretende hacer lo mismo que se viene haciendo. Su lema, "Estados Unidos primero", marca el rechazo, y la posible destrucción, del orden mundial liderado por Estados Unidos que los presidentes demócratas y republicanos, empezando por Franklin D. Roosevelt, han construido y mantenido -aunque con diferentes grados de éxito- durante más de setenta años.

Si Estados Unidos abandona su rol de potencia económica y militar líder y avanza hacia el nacionalismo y el aislacionismo, precipitará un reordenamiento internacional, al mismo tiempo que cambiará al propio país. En lugar de ser una potencia hegemónica, Estados Unidos se convertirá en una gran potencia entre muchas.

Desde el fin de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, Estados Unidos ha sido el motor del libre comercio global, de manera que una postura proteccionista, o un intento de revertir la globalización o utilizarla para intereses nacionales estrechos, tendrían enormes consecuencias económicas y políticas en todo el mundo. Las plenas implicancias de un cambio de estas características son ampliamente impredecibles; pero todos sabemos -o deberíamos saber- lo que sucedió la última vez que las potencias líderes del mundo centraron la atención en sí mismas, en los años 1930.

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