L'Allemagne en état de choc économique

Au cours des dix dernières années, l'Allemagne a connu la croissance économique la plus lente de l'Union européenne, et l'Europe la croissance la plus lente du monde. De 1995 à 2005, la croissance allemande n'aura pas dépassé 14,6%, alors que la moyenne de la vieille UE a été de 24%, celle des États-Unis 39,9%, et celle de l'économie mondiale 45,6%. Qu'est-ce qui explique de si mauvais résultats de l'Allemagne ?

Selon Franz Müntefering, chef du parti social-démocrate à la tête de l'Allemagne, c'est simplement parce que le pays est déjà là où les autres veulent aller. La lente croissance allemande, soutient-il, est un signe de convergence naturelle.

Cette théorie est loin d'être convaincante. L'Allemagne a récemment été doublée en termes de revenu par tête par de nombreux pays de l'UE, notamment l'Irlande, le Royaume-Uni, les Pays-Bas et la France, et sa croissance reste plus lente que les leurs.

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