Merkel Netanyahu Li Rui/ZumaPress

Пределы немецкой вины

МЮНХЕН – В этом месяце отмечается 50-летний юбилей установления дипломатических отношений между Германией и Израилем. Отношения двух стран, зародившиеся сразу после истребления нацистами европейских евреев, постепенно стали очень прочными. Но у молодых немцев память о Холокосте стирается, а международный престиж Израиля падает, поэтому в последнее время официальная политика «особых» связей между двумя странам оказалась под вопросом.

Давид Бен-Гурион, отец-основатель Израиля и архитектор примирения Израиля с Германией была прагматиком до мозга костей. Он знал, что установление партнерских отношений с Германией (в том числе выплата репараций, необходимых для укрепления израильской мощи) может иметь огромное значение для обеспечения выживания Израиля.

Конечно, выплата репараций, начавшаяся в 1952 году, была также и в интересах Германии: лучшим способом восстановления международной легитимности после Второй мировой войны являлось публичное покаяние за зверства, совершенные нацистами, а также примирение с еврейским населением всего мира.

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