Female dentist students Kaveh Kazemi/Getty Images

Het verwezenlijken van gelijke rechten voor man en vrouw in het Midden-Oosten

MASQAT – Vrouwen in de hele wereld hebben eeuwenlang moeten strijden voor de meest fundamentele rechten. De strijd voor gelijke rechten is niet gemakkelijk geweest, en is nog lang niet voorbij. Dat is zeker het geval in het Midden-Oosten, waar de uitdagingen waarmee vrouwen worden geconfronteerd doorgaans geworteld zijn in sociale normen, culturele systemen en religieuze doctrines, en soms zelfs in wetten zijn vastgelegd.

In sommige landen van het Midden-Oosten mogen vrouwen niet reizen, werken of zich als stemgerechtigde laten registreren, zonder toestemming van een man uit hun familie. Ook al is het niet uitdrukkelijk verboden, het is voor vrouwen dikwijls heel moeilijk aan werk te komen, niet in de laatste plaats vanwege wijdverbreid verzet van de mannen die deze samenlevingen domineren. Iedere vrouw die heeft geprobeerd een baan te krijgen weet hoe hevig dat verzet kan zijn.

Het gevolg van deze normen en structuren is dat vrouwen in het Midden-Oosten vaak het slachtoffer zijn van discriminatie, isolatie en frustratie. Zij zijn niet in staat vrijelijk aan hun samenlevingen deel te nemen of bij te dragen aan de economische ontwikkeling van hun land.

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