Fetichismo del PBI

NUEVA YORK – Esforzarse por reavivar la economía mundial al mismo tiempo que se responde a la crisis climática global ha planteado un interrogante complejo: ¿las estadísticas nos están dando las "señales" correctas sobre qué hacer? En nuestro mundo orientado hacia el desempeño, las cuestiones de medición han cobrado mayor relevancia: lo que medimos afecta lo que hacemos.

Si tomamos malas decisiones, lo que intentamos hacer (digamos, aumentar el PBI) en realidad puede contribuir a empeorar los niveles de vida. También podemos enfrentarnos a falsas opciones y ver compensaciones entre producción y protección ambiental que no existen. Por el contrario, una mejor medición del desempeño económico podría demostrar que las medidas tomadas para mejorar el medio ambiente son buenas para la economía.

Hace dieciocho meses, el presidente francés, Nicolas Sarkozy, creó una Comisión Internacional para la Medición del Desempeño Económico y el Progreso Social, debido a su insatisfacción -y la de muchos otros- con el estado actual de la información estadística sobre la economía y la sociedad. El 14 de septiembre, la Comisión dará a conocer su tan esperado informe.

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