Фетишизм ВВП

НЬЮ-ЙОРК. Стремление оживить мировую экономику и одновременно реагировать на глобальный климатический кризис ставит запутанный вопрос: дает ли нам статистика правильные «сигналы» относительно того, что нам делать? В нашем мире, ориентированном на эффективность, вопросы измерений приобрели большее значение: то, что мы измеряем, влияет на то, что мы затем делаем.

Если у нас плохие инструменты измерения, тогда то, что мы стремимся сделать (например, увеличить ВВП), в действительности может способствовать ухудшению стандартов жизни. Также мы можем стоять перед неправильным выбором, принимая во внимание компромиссные решения между производством и защитой окружающей среды, которых не существует. В противоположность этому, более точное измерение экономических результатов может показать, что предпринимаемые шаги для улучшения состояния окружающей среды являются благом для экономики.

Восемнадцать месяцев назад президент Франции Николя Саркози учредил международную комиссию по измерению основных показателей экономической деятельности и социального прогресса по причине своего – а также многих других – недовольства существующим состоянием статистической информации об экономике и обществе. Четырнадцатого сентября комиссия должна выпустить свой долгожданный отчет.

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