对GDP的过度崇拜

纽约——

在努力振兴经济和应对全球气候变暖的双重努力中,我们面临着一个棘手的问题:数据统计的结果是否准确?在这个以绩效为导向的社会里,统计的准确性问题越来越重要:什么样的统计结果就会影响我们下一步的行动导向。

如果我们采取糟糕的衡量方法,越是努力工作(例如提高GDP),实际的结果反而会降低我们的生活标准。我们也可能面临的两难抉择也许根本不存在,例如产量和环保之间可能根本不是对立的关系。相反的,一种更合理的产能评价系统会在提高经济和环保这两方面有可能都实现。

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