Gareth Evans, humanitarian intervention, A Responsibility to Protect Iraqis? Christophe Petit Tesson/ZumaPress

Ответственность за защиту в Ираке?

КАНБЕРРА - Только одно возможное основание - моральное, политическое, или военное - существует для возобновления как и Западного, так и другого внешнего военного вмешательства в Ираке: ответ на международную ответственность по защите жертв или потенциальных жертв, пострадавших от массовых преступлений - геноцидов, этнических чисток, других преступлений против человечности или крупных военных преступлений.

У шиитов и других не-суннитов, которые сейчас в пути формирования ISIS (исламского государства Ирака и Сирии) - группы, чья идеология и поведение слишком экстремальны даже для Аль-Каиды - есть много оснований опасаться таких преступлений. Дикие расстрелы военных и других пленников несомненно происходили в Мосуле, Тикрите и других городах, захваченных ISIS.

Но, на основе доказательств, имеющихся в настоящее время было бы преждевременно делать вывод о том, что насилие против беззащитной доли народа уже произошло - или неизбежно - в масштабе, необходимом для обоснования внешнего военного вмешательства.

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