Gareth Evans, humanitarian intervention, A Responsibility to Protect Iraqis? Christophe Petit Tesson/ZumaPress

المسؤولية عن حماية العراقيين؟

كانبيرا ــ هناك مبرر واحد محتمل ــ أخلاقي أو سياسي أو عسكري ــ لتجدد التدخل العسكري الغربي أو من قِبَل أي جهة خارجية أخرى في العراق: الوفاء بالمسؤولية الدولية عن حماية الضحايا أو الضحايا المحتملين أو جرائم الفظائع الجماعية ــ الإبادة الجماعية، أو التطهير العرقي، أو غير ذلك من الجرائم ضد الإنسانية، أو جرائم الحرب الكبرى.

والواقع أن الشيعة وآخرون من غير السُنّة الذين يضعهم قدرهم في طريق القوات الغازية النهّابة التابعة لتنظيم داعش (الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام) ــ وهي الجماعة التي تتسم إيديولوجيتها وسلوكها بالتطرف الشديد حتى بالمقارنة بتنظيم القاعدة ــ لديهم الكثير من الأسباب الوجيهة للخوف من مثل هذه الفظائع. فلا شك أن عمليات الإعدام البشعة لأفراد عسكريين وغيرهم من الأسرى وقعت في الموصل وتكريت وغير ذلك من المدن التي استولى عليها تنظيم داعش.

ولكن استناداً إلى الأدلة المتاحة حاليا، فمن السابق لأوانه أن نستنتج أن أعمال العنف التي تمارس ضد العزل قد وقعت بالفعل ــ أو أنها باتت وشيكة ــ على النطاق الكافي لتبرير التدخل العسكري الخارجي.

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