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DUBAI - Las consecuencias del terremoto de Japón - especialmente la actual crisis en la central nuclear de Fukushima – traen recuerdos sombríos para los observadores de la crisis financiera estadounidense que precipitó la Gran Recesión. Ambos acontecimientos ofrecen duras lecciones sobre los riesgos y sobre lo mal que pueden manejarlos los mercados y las sociedades.

Naturalmente, en cierto sentido no hay comparación entre la tragedia provocada por el terremoto - que ha dejado más de 25,000 personas muertas o desaparecidas - y la crisis financiera, a la que no se puede atribuir un sufrimiento físico tan agudo. Pero cuando se trata de la fusión del reactor nuclear en Fukushima, los dos acontecimientos tienen algo en común.

Los expertos tanto de la industria nuclear como de las finanzas nos aseguraron que la nueva tecnología había eliminado prácticamente el riesgo de una catástrofe. Los hechos demostraron que estaban equivocados: no sólo existían los riesgos, sino que sus consecuencias fueron tan grandes que eliminaron fácilmente todos los supuestos beneficios de los sistemas que los líderes de la industria promovían.

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