Glücksspiel mit dem Planeten

DUBAI: Die Folgen des japanischen Erdbebens – insbesondere der anhaltenden Krise im Kernkraftwerk von Fukushima – werden bei vielen Beobachtern des amerikanischen Finanzcrashs, der der Großen Rezession voranging, mit einem Gefühl der Erbitterung aufgenommen. Beide Ereignisse halten drastische Lehren über Risiken für uns parat, und wie schlecht Märkte und Gesellschaften mit diesen umgehen.

Natürlich sind das tragische Erdbeben – bei dem mehr als 25.000 Menschen ums Leben kamen bzw. immer noch vermisst sind – und die Finanzkrise, der man kein derart akutes physisches Leid zuordnen kann, in gewissem Sinne nicht vergleichbar. Doch was die Kernschmelze in Fukushima angeht, zieht sich ein gemeinsamer roter Faden durch diese beiden Ereignisse.

Experten aus der Atom- wie aus der Finanzindustrie versicherten uns, dass das Risiko einer Katastrophe durch neue Technologien so gut wie beseitigt werde. Die Ereignisse haben gezeigt, dass sie Unrecht hatten: Nicht nur bestanden diese Risiken, sondern ihre Folgen waren so enorm, dass sie mit Leichtigkeit jeden angeblichen Nutzen der Systeme, den die führenden Kopfe dieser Branchen versprochen hatten, auslöschten.

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