Megaproject VirginiaDoT/Flickr

Era Pembangunan Mega Proyek

WASHINGTON, DC – Nampaknya kita tengah memasuki era pembangunan mega proyek, ketika negara, khususnya negara-negara anggota G-20, memobilisasi sektor swasta untuk berinvestasi besar-besaran pada inisiatif infrastruktur bernilai jutaan dolar (bahkan miliaran atau triliunan), seperti jaringan pipa, bendungan, sistem pengairan dan listrik, serta jaringan jalan raya.

Kini, anggaran mega proyek bernilai antara $6-9 triliun per tahun, sekitar 8% dari PDB dunia, menjadikannya sebagai “investment boom terbesar sepanjang sejarah manusia”. Kemudian geopolitik, tuntutan pertumbuhan ekonomi, pencarian pasar-pasar baru dan sumber daya alam memicu pengeluaran lebih besar untuk mendanai proyek-proyek infrastruktur berskala besar. Di titik puncak yang berpotensi mengarah pada ledakan yang tidak pernah terjadi sebelumnya, pemimpin dunia dan kreditor terkesan lupa atau tidak menyadari betapa mahalnya pembelajaran dari masa lalu.

Memang benar investasi di bidang infrastruktur dapat memenuhi kebutuhan-kebutuhan nyata, menyokong pemenuhan akan tingginya gelombang permintaan yang diperkirakan atas pangan, air, dan energi. Tetapi, kecuali jika lonjakan mega proyek ini berhasil dialihkan dan dikelola dengan hati-hati, upaya tersebut cenderung bersifat counterproductive dan tidak berkelanjutan. Tanpa kendali demokratis, investor akan menjalankan praktik privatizing profits and socializing losses, sembari menetapkan pendekatan intensif karbon serta pendekatan lain yang berbahaya bagi lingkungan hidup dan sosial.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/CdXS22H/id;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now