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但同样危言耸听的大规模工作流失和高技术驱动下的结构性失业预测其实并不新鲜,每当历史上出现重大自动化发展事件时都会出现,而且都得到了那一时期著名经济学家的背书。约翰·梅纳德·凯恩斯(John Maynard Keynes)提出过一个;华西里·列昂惕夫也(Wassily Leontief)提出过另一个。但这两个预测都未能兑现。相反,技术变革成为了生产力和就业增长的强大动力。

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