Потерянные ослы науки

КЕМБРИДЖ – Библейская история о том, как Саул искал потерянных отцовских ослиц, а нашел царство, предлагает важный урок для ученых. Вместо узкого определения наших целей в исследованиях, мы должны открыть наши умы и воплощать ими полностью противоречивые и более захватывающие открытия, которые могут скрываться на периферии нашего поля зрения.

Арно Пензиас и Роберт Уилсон сделали именно такое неожиданное обнаружение в 1965 году, когда их попытки уменьшить шум в их удивительно современной радио антенне довели их до обнаружения космического микроволнового фонового излучения. Они заметили шум, который, оказалось, был излучением оставшимся от Большого Взрыва. И это ошеломляющие открытие, которое коренным образом изменило наше понимание Вселенной, было сделано на базе Bell Laboratories, а не в ведущем исследовательском университете.

Сбор новых данных имеет важное значение для научно-технического прогресса. Данные играют главную роль в руководстве ученых к новым открытиям и решениям, а также к новым головоломкам, которые должны быть решены, тем самым сохраняя научный процесс честным и динамичным. Длительные периоды без новых данных поощряют безудержный рост спекулятивных пузырей-теории.

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