科学的走失的驴

美国剑桥—圣经中索尔(Saul)在寻找父亲走失的驴时偶然发现了他的王国的故事给科学家提供了重要的教训。我们不应该狭隘地定义我们的研究目标,而必须让思维彻底向潜伏在我们关注领域外围的不同的、更令人激动的发现开放。

阿尔诺·彭齐亚斯(Arno Penzias)和罗伯特·威尔逊(Robert Wilson)在1965年做出了一项这样的意料之外的发现。他们原本试图减小最先进的无线电天线的噪音,结果发现了宇宙微波背景。他们注意到一个本底噪声,后来证明是大爆炸遗留下来的辐射。这一从根本上改变了我们的宇宙观的发现是在贝尔实验室而非一流研究型大学做出的。

汇集新数据对科学进步至关重要。数据在指引科学家作出新发现、找到新方法以及发现新的待解之谜,从而让科学过程变得可靠而充满活力方面扮演着重要作用。长期得不到新数据促进了——事实上,是造就了——投机性理论泡沫的疯涨。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/0lenVGR/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now