Из Рима в Москву

Одной неосуществленной мечтой покойного Римского Папы Иоанна Павла II было посетить Москву и создать условия для разрядки в отношениях с православной церковью. Но хотя он был приглашен в Москву тремя последними президентами России – Владимиром Путиным, Борисом Ельциным и Михаилом Горбачевым – противодействие его визиту со стороны Православного Патриарха Алексия помешало Римскому Папе совершить поездку до его смерти. Добьется ли Римский Папа Бенедикт XVI такой победы, которую не удалось осуществить его другу и предшественнику?

Несмотря на недавнее возвращение в Россию иконы Казанской Богоматери, которая когда-то висела в спальне Иоанна Павла, отношения между Ватиканом и Патриаршеством остаются напряженными. Так Путин, который обычно кажется всесильным, продолжает осторожничать с приглашением для Римского Папы Бенедикта. Такая осторожность усиливается новым политическим фактором: защита православия стала основным принципом национальной идеи, на которой Путин стремится основать законность своего режима.

Это одна из причин того, почему Путин был одним из немногих ведущих глав государств, которые не приехали на похороны Римского Папы Иоанна Павла. Хотя православная церковь, действительно, посылала делегацию, сразу же после похорон Патриарх Алексий предупредил, что разногласия между двумя ветвями христианства идут намного глубже, чем польская национальность бывшего Римского Папы, которая всегда была особым больным вопросом для русских православных славян.

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