从人民权力到普京权力

上个礼拜,我参加了在巴黎举行的缅怀俄国记者安娜·波利特科夫斯卡娅(Anna Politkovskaya)的一场规模很小却不失庄重的纪念仪式。借用与她合作的法国编辑对她的评价,安娜是一个“大无畏”的女人。安娜的纪念仪式不禁让我想起17年前在莫斯科参加的另外一次悼念活动。与波利特科夫斯卡娅不同的是,伟大的科学家和人权活动家安德烈·萨哈罗夫(Andrei Sakharov)并非死于谋杀,而那次举办的悼念活动更像是在庆祝一个崭新时代的开始。历史翻开了新的一页,在成为“正常国家”的漫长道路上,俄国局势在充满变数的同时也充满了希望。

随着波利特科夫斯卡娅遭到暗害,这充满希望的一页也许永远地合上了。这一小群知识分子在巴黎聚会,缅怀的是自己对改变俄国现状的期望。我们埋葬的是知识分子和民主人士共同的梦想,我们曾经盼望在苏联漫长而寒冷的严冬过后,自由和法治会在一片废墟上生根发芽、开花结果。波利特科夫斯卡娅的遗像就像一面镜子,折射出无比黑暗的现实世界。梦想破碎了。它也许从来就未曾实现。

今天我们所看到的是一个截然不同的世界。俄国简直是用大把的钞票买回了国际体系中引人注目的地位,石油和天然气代替核武器,为俄国重新赢回了权力和影响,贪婪也最终代替了恐惧。苏联的恐怖平衡时代已经一去不返,单方面依赖俄国能源的时代已经到来。俄国的亿万富翁用大笔的金钱在世界各地购买豪华资产,而俄国则以其雄厚的财力拉拢像前总理格哈德·施罗德那样的德国显贵,甚至用这种方式买到了德国的支持。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/MC3LPQD/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.