От неолиберализма к отсутствию либерализма?

ВАШИНГТОН, ОКРУГ КОЛУМБИЯ. Эра капитализма свободного рынка, начатая в 1980-х годах Маргарет Тэтчер и Рональдом Рейганом – которую оппоненты называют «неолиберализмом» – закончилась. Это идеологическое направление потерпело крах в результате текущего финансового кризиса, однако его упадок наблюдался уже долгое время. В последние несколько лет, по мере того как американские лидеры продолжали следовать курсу неолиберализма, большая часть остального мира уже начинала идти по другому пути.

Разочарование «неолиберальными», прорыночными идеями началось в развивающихся странах, которые раньше были их страстными поклонниками. Латиноамериканские страны, которые стали проводить политику свободного рынка в 1990-х годах, отступили от этого курса в середине 2000 года, по мере того как к власти пришла новая волна лидеров левого толка. Россия, которая стала проводить рыночные реформы в 1990-х годах, перешла к управляемой форме государственного капитализма в 2000-х годах, с «олигархами», которые были вынуждены подчиняться государственному регулированию.

В результате США, Европейская Комиссия и многосторонние банки по развитию оказались в большой изоляции в своих попытках продвинуть рыночную политику и образ мысли во всем мире. Углубляющийся финансовый кризис продолжает ослаблять их позиции. Кроме того, как сейчас могут США и западные многосторонние институты поддерживать приватизацию банков?

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