От глобальной неустойчивости к эффективному глобальному управлению

СТЭНФОРД, КАЛИФОРНИЯ. Текущий кредитный кризис привел к ожиданию спада экономического роста во всем мире. Правительства и центральные банки реагируют на убыточные балансовые отчеты и прекращение кредитования, пытаясь ограничить чрезвычайные потери для своих экономик за пределами финансового сектора.

В США финансовый сектор претерпевает быстрые и непрерывные структурные изменения, результаты которых могут быть труднопреодолимыми для экономического роста развивающихся стран. Так в этих странах уже наблюдается довольно значительное повышение цен на продукты питания и топливо, крайняя недостача продуктов питания для бедных и более высокий уровень инфляции, вызванный изменением товарных цен. В то время как быстрый рост в развивающихся странах служил важным фактором увеличения товарных цен, большая часть этого процесса находится вне их контроля.

За последние два года я с моими коллегами в составе Комиссии по экономическому росту старались понять, как 13 развивающихся стран смогли сохранять средний уровень роста от 7% и более на протяжении 25 или более лет. В отчете по состоянию экономического роста, опубликованном в мае, мы пытались понять, почему большинство развивающихся стран значительно отстали от этого уровня, а также изучали способы подражания лидерам роста.

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