От депрессии до свободы

Клинической депрессией на каком-то этапе жизни страдает каждый четвертый из нас. Это тяжелое и продолжительное душевное состояние, при котором нормальное чувство печали перерастает в болезненное состояние безнадежности, апатии, отсутствия мотивации и усталости. Но, как бы хорошо она не была описана, клиническая депрессия у разных людей протекает по-разному и может носить как легкую, так и тяжелую форму.

Во время легкой депрессии человек может проводить долгое время в размышлениях над собственными отрицательными чертами и недостатками других людей, испытывать чувство обиды, раздражения, гнева или же чувство жалости по отношению к самому себе, а также постоянную потребность в поддержке со стороны других. У страдающих легкой депрессией могут возникать различные жалобы на физическое состояние, казалось бы, не вызванные каким-либо физическим недомоганием.

По мере обострения депрессии чувство крайнего уныния и безнадежности сочетается с низкой самооценкой, чувством вины, потерей памяти и проблемами с концентрацией, что приводит к очень тяжелому душевному состоянию. Более того, могут иметь место изменения в основных функциях организма. Нарушаются обычные дневные ритмы, что проявляется в отсутствие сна или излишней сонливости, в отсутствие аппетита или непреодолимом чувстве голода. Пропадает энтузиазм в отношении обычно доставляющих удовольствие видов деятельности. Иногда даже возникает чувство, что продолжать жить не имеет смысла, а поэтому лучше умереть.

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