El problema de los Estados Unidos con China

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Xi Jinping, Presidente de China recién ungido, hizo su primera visita a los Estados Unidos en mayo de 1980. Era un funcionario de 27 años de edad y de bajo rango que acompañaba a Geng Biao, entonces Viceprimer Ministro y militar principal de China. Geng había sido mi anfitrión el mes de enero anterior, cuando fui el primer Secretario de Defensa de los EE.UU. que visitó China, como interlocutor en representación del gobierno de Jimmy Carter.

En aquella época, los americanos tenían pocos motivos para fijarse en Xi, pero sus superiores vieron claramente su valía. En los treinta y dos años posteriores, su importancia aumentó, junto con la fuerza militar y económica de China. El ascenso de su cohorte de edad a la cima del poder señala la jubilación de la última generación de dirigentes designados por Deng Xiaoping (aunque siguen teniendo influencia).

Pese al mayor peso de China en los asuntos mundiales, Xi afronta tensiones internas que vuelven a su país más frágil de lo que se suele creer. Su modelo económico, impulsado por la exportación, ha llegado a sus límites y la transición al crecimiento impulsado desde el interior está intensificando las fricciones internas. Afrontar el malestar mediante la represión resulta más difícil que en el pasado, pues la rapidez de la urbanización, la reforma económica y el cambio social agita a un país de 1.300 millones de personas. También los conflictos étnicos en regiones remotas pondrán a prueba el dominio político de Xi.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/l9Gra3b/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now