france election ballots Georges Gobet/AFP/Getty Images

马克龙和需求多样化的欧洲

日内瓦——伊曼纽尔·马克龙在法国总统大选中获胜是迄今为止最明确的标志,那就是在经历一系列危机和挫败后,欧洲某种类似于自信的表现可能正在恢复。但信心的恢复不应导致自满的恢复。

凭借马克龙的胜利,法国中间派已经击退了来自左翼和右翼的选举进攻。但这些进攻的激烈程度显示出欧盟的总体环境依然多么不稳定。而且,尽管人们普遍意识到需要采取大胆的行动,但依然没有达成共识应当采取什么样的行动。

欧盟改革辩论的主导方法是创建一个“多速并存的欧洲”。这种理念认为相比就最佳融合方式和融合时间达成一致,应当在一系列先锋国家的推动下,容许各欧盟成员国按照自己的节奏推进一体化进程。

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