自由贸易的崩溃

哥本哈根—上个月,旨在实现更自由贸易的多哈回合谈判破裂了,表面上看这是由保障措施规则方面的一些细微技术性问题导致的。实际上,谈判的崩溃是因为没有任何一方—不论是欧洲、美国、中国、印度或是其他主要的发展中国家—愿意为了给几乎所有各方创造更大的长久利益而承担得罪效益低下的农民和温室里的国内产业所带来的短期政治后果。

谈判的破裂还因为我们其实真的漠不关心。在几篇措词严厉的社论之后,世人就几乎将这个话题抛诸脑后,各自忙活去了。

这是愚蠢的。建立更为自由的贸易(体制)可以帮助我们应对世界上几乎所有最大的问题。只用付出极低的成本,我们就能改善教育和医疗条件,让最贫穷的人变得更富裕并帮助所有人更好的应对未来的挑战。

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