Plody GM plodin

NAIROBI – Keňský zákaz dovozu geneticky upravených (GM) plodin je odrazem znepokojivého trendu v zemi, která je tradičně pokládána za zemědělského inovátora. Zároveň toto rozhodnutí představuje obrovský krok zpět pro kontinent, jenž často jen s námahou zajišťuje vlastní potravinovou bezpečnost. Racionální vědecký přístup musí zvítězit nad předsudky, strachem a spekulacemi. A Keňa může stát v čele.

GM plodiny (kterým se rovněž říká geneticky naprojektované nebo biotechnologické) se opakovaně projevily jako bezpečné a po celém světě se úspěšně používají ke zvýšení zemědělské produktivity. Byrokracie, propaganda a dezinformace však brání milionům afrických farmářů včetně těch keňských v přístupu k technologii, která může zlepšit jejich živobytí a přispět k řešení nedostatku potravin.

Více než milion Keňanů je kvůli nedostatku obilnin v zemi v současné době odkázaný na potravinovou pomoc. Keňská Síť systémů včasného varování před hladomorem uvádí, že již tak vysoké ceny kukuřice porostou až do konce roku, což dále zatíží potravinovou bezpečnost a ekonomický výkon. V situaci, kdy se Keňa usilovně snaží nasytit své obyvatelstvo a stabilizovat ekonomiku, by GM technologie měla být vítaným prostředkem, jak zvýšit výnosy a příjmy, z čehož by měli prospěch zemědělci, spotřebitelé i životní prostředí.

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