法国的总统真人秀

社会党把赛格莱娜·罗亚尔(Ségolène Royal)推举为总统候选人是第五共和国第八届总统选举中的一个重要步骤,竞选时间定于2007年4月22日,并将在两个星期后举行第二轮决选。候选人报名将截止到1月底,那也是选票印刷的最后期限。因此,到那个时候,法国四个主要政党,包括两个左翼党派和两个右翼党派,必须发表各自的党派宣言并推举候选人。

至少在理论上,竞选体系是这样运作的。而实际上,尽管官方竞选活动本应只持续两个月(两个月的时间在民主社会里已经足够,因为候选人无一例外地需要面对媒体毫不留情的诘难),但在潜在候选者的操纵和媒体观看赛马般的浓厚兴趣的驱动下,真正的竞选序幕早在一年半以前就已经拉开。因此今天的公众辩论就有些超现实主义的味道,因为支撑候选人竞选的计划至今还没有成型。没有了竞选计划,起决定作用的就不是政治纲领,而是个性和为人处世的方式。我不知道这对民主是否有利,但这的确是事实。

迄今为止,两位这样的时髦人物雄踞民意调查榜首,他们似乎注定要在第二轮选举中相遇。代表右翼的是尼古拉·萨尔科奇(Nicolas Sarkozy),尼古拉曾经担任过内政部长(还曾在短期内担任过经济部长),他是在法国人民运动联盟(UMP)各色人物混杂的构架中获得了政治上的晋升。法国人民运动联盟在政治上继承了戴高乐主义的衣钵,但在意识形态上的不同却显而易见¾这从该党每隔8到10年要更改一次党名即可见一斑。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/VqLqudh/zh;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now