France – OTAN�: nouvelle approche

PARIS – Quelles seront les conséquences du retour de la France dans la structure militaire intégrée de l’OTAN�?

Certes, les alliés sont satisfaits, mais personne ne s’attend à de grands changements dans la contribution militaire de la France puisqu’elle a été comparable à celle des autres grands alliés européens ces dix dernières années. La raison est simple�: depuis que la France a réintégré le Comité militaire en 1994, sa place au sein de l’OTAN lui a permis une participation pleine et entière aux activités politiques et militaires de l’alliance. 

À Paris, la nouvelle n’a pas rencontré de forte opposition politique, essentiellement pour deux raisons. D’une part, personne ne nie l’évidence�: depuis la décision du Général de Gaulle de se retirer de l’organisation militaire, il y a plus de 40 ans, l’alliance et le monde ont profondément changé. Aujourd’hui, les menaces mondiales exigent une solidarité renforcée au sein de l’Europe et de l’OTAN�; compte tenu des élargissements successifs de l’alliance, la plupart des membres de l’Union européenne font aussi partie de l’OTAN.

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