破碎的法国之梦

美国剑桥—欧元区危机源自法国对“欧洲工程”的不懈追求。二战结束后,法国两位政治领袖莫内和舒曼建议成立欧罗巴合众国,以实现政治统一,是为“欧洲工程”之始。

莫内和舒曼指出,一个类似于美国的政治联盟能够避免导致三场欧洲大战的冲突,这一观点着实诱人,但却忽略了可怕的美国南北战争。欧洲政治联盟还能够将欧洲打造成能与美国分庭抗礼的一极,从而让外交网络的法国在欧洲和世界事务上扮演重要角色。

1956年,在莫内-舒曼设想的推动下,《罗马条约》诞生了。罗马条约成立了一个小型自由贸易区,并在日后扩展为欧洲经济共同体。欧洲经济共同体的成立形成了积极的经济效果,但与北美自由贸易区一样,它并没有削弱国家身份,也没有造成政治统一的氛围。

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