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Anticiparse al futuro

SAN FRANCISCO – El surgimiento de nuevas tecnologías es tan veloz que ya nos cuesta manejar su impacto en la sociedad. Los cambios tecnológicos afectan todos los aspectos de la vida, desde la naturaleza del trabajo hasta lo que significa ser humano, y pueden resultarnos abrumadores si no trabajamos juntos para comprenderlos y manejarlos.

Avances revolucionarios en inteligencia artificial, robótica, Internet de las Cosas, vehículos autónomos, impresión 3D, nanotecnología, biotecnología, ciencia de materiales, almacenamiento de energía y computación cuántica están redefiniendo industrias enteras y creando de cero otras nuevas. En el Foro Económico Mundial a esta ola de innovación la bautizamos “Cuarta Revolución Industrial”, porque supone un cambio fundamental del modo en que vivimos, trabajamos y nos relacionamos.

Nuevas tecnologías como la máquina de vapor y la mecanización de la producción textil dieron inicio a la Primera Revolución Industrial, que fue acompañada por transformaciones sociopolíticas históricas como la urbanización, la educación universal y la agricultura mecanizada. Con la electrificación y la producción en masa, la Segunda Revolución Industrial introdujo modelos sociales y modos de trabajar totalmente nuevos. Y con la llegada de la tecnología digital y las telecomunicaciones instantáneas, la Tercera Revolución Industrial, que se desarrolló a lo largo de las últimas cinco décadas, conectó el planeta y redujo el tiempo y el espacio.

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