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El reto de dar forma a la Cuarta Revolución Industrial

GINEBRA – De entre los muchos desafíos que enfrenta el mundo en la actualidad, quizás el mayor sea cómo orientar la Cuarta Revolución Industrial que comenzó a principios de siglo. Las nuevas tecnologías y enfoques están fusionando los mundos físico, digital y biológico de maneras que transformarán a la humanidad en su esencia misma. Del modo en que abordemos los riesgos y oportunidades que vayan surgiendo dependerá lo positiva que esta transformación pueda llegar a ser.

La Cuarta Revolución Industrial se basó en la Tercera Revolución Industrial, conocida también como Revolución Digital, que dio pie a la proliferación de los ordenadores y la automatización de los registros, pero la nueva ola transformadora difiere de sus predecesors en varios aspectos clave. En primer lugar, las innovaciones se pueden desarollar y difundir más rápido que nunca. Segundo, la reducción de los costes de producción y al auge de las plataformas que reúnen y concentran actividades de diferentes sectores aumenta los rendimientos de escala. Tercero, esta revolución global afectará a todos los países (y será moldeada por ellos), con un impacto a nivel de sistema en muchas áreas diferentes.

La Cuarta Revolución Industrial tiene el potencial de empoderar a personas y comunidades a medida que cree nuevas oportunidades de desarrollo económico, social e individual. Pero también puede causar la marginación de algunos grupos, exacerbar la desigualdad, dar origen a nuevos riesgos para la seguridad y socavar las relaciones humanas.

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